Digestive endoscopy is a means of assessing the lumen of the digestive tract. Among other things, it allows the identification of lesions which would otherwise take years of growth before causing mechanical conflict and symptoms that would lead to study and diagnosis – like cancer....

Passively complementing the anal mechanism of continence, haemorrhoids, when diseased, can be described as “anal varices”. Like varices, they´re prone to swelling, leading to prolapse, bleeding, itching and pain, in relation to the intensity and frequency of the aggressions to which they are exposed.The conception...

Mr. Ormond was in his seventies and single. He had been referred by his GP due to bleeding and aching haemorrhoids ever since his bowel had turned “lazy”. His father, who was ninety-many and had lived with him for the longest time, had recently gone...